Covenant Words
Covenant Words

Episode · 6 years ago

The King Who Celebrated (1 Chronicles 15:25-29)


Rev. Christopher Chelpka

Of you are able, please remain standing, and will give our attention now to first chronicles, Chapter Fifteen. First Chronicles fifteen versus twenty five through twenty nine. So David and the elders of Israel, the commanders of thousands, went to bring up the Ark of the Covenant of Jehovah from the House of Obed Edom with rejoicing and because God helped the Levites who were carrying the Ark of the Covenant of Jehovah, they sacrificed seven Bulls and seven rams. David was clothed with a robe of fine linen, as also were all the Levites who were carrying the Ark, and the singers and the Chennania, the Enchinania, the leader of the music of the singers, and David wore a lane linen. Ephod so Israel, so all Israel, brought up the Ark of the Covenant of Jehovah With Shouting, to the sound of the Horn, trumpets and symbols and made loud music on Harps and liars. And as the Ark of the Covenant of Jehovah came to the City of David, Mikhaul, the daughter of Saul, looked out of the window and saw King David dancing and rejoice, seeing and she despised him in her heart. May God bless his word to us. Please be seated well. For several chapters now we've been seeing the Kingdom of David, I'm, being established, God establishing the Kingdom of this particular servant of his, this anointed one, and in that we are seeing these the kingship of Jesus, Our Lord and our Savior, being foreshadowed. We have the great privilege of knowing the whole story already and having read it and heard it a number of times, many of us anyway, and so when we hear a passages like this, we get to make connections that maybe we didn't see the first time around, connections that scripture itself makes and teaches us. And here we continue to think about the relationship between King David and King Jesus, the way that God's establishing of this particular king, at this particular their time, I'm, tells us and teaches us about our savior. What we see here is round too, or trial number two,...

...attempt number two of bringing the Ark into Jerusalem. David has taken the throne. He in in several ways. He's already received the loyalty of the people. But a central failure of the Kingdom of Saul, the kingdom that had preceded David, the king that preceded him, was a failure to seek God, to inquire after him, and this is represented very much as we've considered, in the ARC. David is not making the same mistake. He is going to rule as one who is under God, and what that means for him in this particular time and place is making sure that the ARC is brought back to Jerusalem and eventually brought into the temple which David's son will build. You remember what happened the first time around, though. They went, they got the ARC, they were bringing it up, but they failed to follow the instructions of Jehovah. They failed to listen to him, they failed to do as he had commanded. They didn't treat him with respect and the reverence that he deserved. They disobeyed his commands and instead of carrying the ARC, instead of the Levites carrying the arc as they should have, they put it in a cart. A cart stumbled, the oxen stumbled, the cart fell. A man reached out and touched the Ark of the Covenant and he died. The Lord broke out against his people and it was a lesson for David and for the people that God will be supreme, the God is the ruler over Israel, even over David, his king. Well, David has learned that lesson. And they go now to get the Ark of the Covenant and as they do so there is a great scene. I want you to consider it really, try to imagine it in your minds. Verse Twenty Six first speaks of the people that go David, King David and the elders of Israel and the commanders of thousands went to bring up the Ark of the Covenant of Jehovah from the House of Obed Edom with rejoicing. So you have this great entourage, right, this great commanding group of people, literally commanding, figuratively commanding. This is the king, the elders, the leaders, military leaders as well. This would have been a great procession. The imagine in any country, our own or another, if the leader of the country and the leader of the country and all the chief elders and all the top military commanders went somewhere to do something, it would be a top news event right.

There would be constant in our day and age there'd be constant coverage on every aspect of it, around the clock, in security and all kinds of provisions, and on and on it goes. This would have been a scene. But something about what they were doing, I'm is described as rejoicing. They're not merely all kind of getting in the bus and heading down and talking on the way there. Their trip is described by this rejoicing. One addition to these leaders of Israel military government, the king, we also have the Levites as well. The Levites go along and and they bring with them seven bulls and seven rams, perhaps more, it doesn't say, but at least of these fourteen animals, and when they get the Ark to bring it back, they sacrifice these. Again, not a quick thing to sacrifice this many animals. So they're time involved here. There's ceremony involved, there is worship involved in this process. So we have rejoicing, we have this demonstration of power, we have a professor, a procession, we have the sacrificing of these animals. And then there are their clothes. The Levites are wearing their typical garb of of fine linen, a an important cloth, and David, we read, is is wearing it too. There are also, in addition to all of this, enough people to have these groups of singers, choirs even I'm so, there's singing and Ridge along in with the rejoicing. There's even shouting. We read later on in Verse Twenty Eight, when they're bringing the arc up, they bring it up with shouting, and there's musicians to with the sound of Horn, trumpets, symbols and made loud music on Harps and liars. This is a little bit of speculation. Can't say exactly what this look like, but I imagine something of a parade. You've got top leaders, military commanders, marching bands of some sort, these priests and all of them, all of its centering around this arc. David himself is described as dancing and rejoicing, and no doubt there were others as well. All of this reminds us very much of other kinds of ascensions to power, coronation ceremonies. These things are very grand and very much just like this, with all...

...of these people and sounds and smells, religious connections as well. When you see these, when if you've ever seen or seen pictures of a coronation or some kind of ruler coming to power. They are very grand and many, many people participate. It's a thing in which everyone gathers around and and centers around. But here something very different is happening than happens in many other kinds of coronations or ascensions to power. Here we see that it is God who is the center of attention and he, even though David is leading all of this and even though he's the king and even though he's the one who's ascending to power, David takes a little bit of a back seat. We see that in two ways. The first way is the way I've already mentioned, the Ark of God. That's what this is about. It's all about bringing the arc of the Covenant into Jerusalem. That is the point at which they failed before and that is the point at which they are exceeding succeeding now. You also see it in the rejoicing, the way that David and these people are acting, especially David the he is rejoicing that, he is dancing and celebrating. It's like he's just one of the crowd. His attention, his worship is directed somewhere else other than himself, even though he's the king, even though he's the one whose kingdom is being established. Yet he bends the knee and is rejoicing and acts in this way as one who is humbling himself before God, the king of Kings, the one who is annoyed to David, the one who has called him, who is established not just David's kingdom but the Kingdom of God. The last way you see this is in David's clothing. David, even though this is his kingdom, as I say, that is being established, and a human level, he doesn't wear the clothes of a king. In fact, he's not distinguishable in any way from the priests. If you looked at least a described here in this picture, if you looked out at the priests, if you watched this happening, you wouldn't see ordinary citizens and animals and followers along and then top military commanders and then priests and elders and then finally, at the head of everything, the great king, the king with all of his robes and crowns and things like that.

The king is wearing what the priests are wearing. He is distinguished in a way, but he's distinguished among a group. It says that David was clothed with a robe of fine linen. This is verse Twenty Eight, as also were all the Levites who were carrying the arc and the others who were singing as the as well as the leader. there. David also wears a Lennon E fod. For some strange reason it's sort of spread in the culture that David was naked when all of this was happening. It doesn't say that. It says nothing about that. In fact, it tells us what he was wearing, Lennon Efod, which is not some kind of underwear thing, but as a dress that actually he goes over the robe. Perhaps you've worn long underwear before and then a t shirt over that. It's that kind of thing. He's wearing a long white linen robe and then another piece of clothing over that, a Lennon Efod, which was common among the priests. There's, I believe, one reason that some people suspect, or we shouldn't say suspect, just improperly interpret this, is me. Calls up being upset with him. I'm here. It says that she looks out of her window and saw King David Dancing and rejoicing and despised him in her heart. In Samuel there is an addition that she is upset with the relationship between him and and the other women, that he's somehow acting inappropriately. And from this people then assume, well, he must have been naked or something like that, but he wasn't. The text is telling us that he was wearing the clothing of the priests. So what is his wife's problem? What's she up so a set upset about? And actually, now that I say it that way, it's not really fair to say it that way. It's true that she was his wife, but that's not how she's characterized here. Here's she's characterized as the daughter of Saul, and she's characterized that way for a very particular reason. Whenever the Bible gives us little genealogies like that, it's for a particular reason. She's characterized as the daughter of Saul, to remind us of this great contrast between the Kingdom of Saul and the Kingdom of David. As one commentator who wittily put it, her heart is not quite in tune with all the music and rejoicing and the things that are going on. She is upset and despising David in her heart. The reason she is despising him most likely... because of the way he's dressed, not because of his immodesty, but because of his modesty. You remember that Saul was all about himself. Saul was all about his rise to power, his ruling in the way that he wanted and his ruling over even God, who had called him to rule. David is not doing that. David is bending the knee, so to speak, and David is even humbling himself and dressing himself as not just the king to whom all obedience is owed, but even as one of the priests. This humbling himself in this way is what the daughter of Saul despises it what she is not happy about. This is, I said at the beginning, is a great prelude to the work of Jesus. Jesus also would ascend to His throne the Heaven, in the heavens, as a king, and he would do so like David, he would first go through a period of suffering and trials and tribulation and struggles before he would finally ascend to his throne. He would also do so not just as a king but as a priest. Here David, who takes on both of these roles, blending them together. Is exactly what Jesus does. When Jesus goes to the cross, he goes not only as a king to rule and to reign over sin, over death, over the devil, he does so as a priest. And as Jesus does this, we see that he is not just like David, but he is greater than Davids. The Bible says David's greater son. His ascension is much higher than David's. But this it is also true that his humiliation is much lower and that the hatred that people have for him, the despise sing like the daughter of salt does, is much stronger. Because when Jesus goes to the throne as a priest, he doesn't do so merely wearing the garb of a priest. He doesn't just take on the outward forms. He is the the he is a priest in every sense and in the highest sense. He goes before God to intercede between God and men and he goes bringing a sacrifice, not of bulls and Rams, not even a lot of bulls and rams, but he goes to sacrifice himself. That is how deep Jesus is.

Humiliation will go saul's daughter despises her husband for wearing the wrong thing, for not showing himself as great as he is. Don't people do the very same thing with Jesus? He comes as the son of God, he is the son of God, he is able to command on the hosts of Heaven to do his bidding and he does many great and miraculous things, and yet people are so frustrated with him. Why are you acting in the way that you're acting, Jesus? Why don't you take out the Romans? Why don't you establish your kingdom? Why don't you make yourself strong? Indeed, even Satan himself offers him this kind of path in the wilderness. Satan says, I'll give you all the kingdoms of this world if you will not submit to God. But, like David, Jesus humbles himself. He humbles himself in particular as a priest, as a priest who brings a sacrifice, a sacrifice that is himself, and he does that for a very particular reason, because the Kingdom of God, Praise be to God, is not established in power apart from grace. That's how the Kingdom of God is first established here on Earth, through the Cross, through the Gospel, and this gives us great courage. And, as much as some people hate Jesus, it also inspires a loyalty to him that is stronger than the loyalty David Ever received, because in the power and in the mode of the Cross, kings, the king's servants today gladly go even to their deaths, knowing that in faith in him, they have victory. Because Jesus went to the cross, it means that we can be saved from our sins. If Jesus only came in glory and in power, all of us would be defeated. We would be like the Philistines who are conquered by David. But instead we rule and we reign in him, because he conquers us first in our hearts. He brings us to a place of humility and and and celebrate celebration. Through his victory on the cross, through his humiliation, we have salvation. Through his humiliation and obedience, we have the forgiveness of our sins, and one day we know that this will be finally established and perfected in every way. For the Christian, then, who worships and doesn't just respect but worships Jesus, as king who...

...knows him as our God and knows him as our God and Savior. This should give us great courage, instead of despising Jesus in his humility, instead of despising the suffering that we are called to face in his name, the persecution that we must endure, the humble means by which that kingdom advances into the world, through the preaching of the Gospel, through the administration of the sacraments, through joining to gather with one another and worship like this, instead of despising those things and saying where's the glory, like me call from her window, we join Jesus, encouraged by him, strengthened by him, knowing that everything that David has accomplished here, Jesus has done, and infinitely more so. Knowing this gives us bravery and courage and loyalty, and he gives us rejoicing. It allows us to be bold in our praise, to not be timid, wondering what others would think, wondering what, what, that we are humbled in our acts of worship. It gives us courage and boldness even in our suffering, knowing that God is on our side, that he rules and he reigns and he does so according to His grace. Let it be our prayer, then, that is we consider David as a king, that we would remember Jesus, not only that he rules and reigns, but that he does so in this humble way, as our priest, as our sacrifice and all the victory that we have in that. Let us pray.

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